world history study guide

Paleolithic
Phase of early human history
Paleolithic age
Used to designate the early period of human history
Homo erectus
Upright human
Homo sapiens
Wise humans
Homo sapiens sapiens
Wise wise humans
Neolithic
New stone age
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Neolithic revolution
Shift from hunting and gathering to animal domestication and farming
Systematic agriculture
Keeping of animals and growing of food on a regular basis
Culture
A way of life
Mesopotamia
Land between the rivers
Abundance of food
Surplus of food, some quit farming and started other jobs
Characteristics of civilizations
Cities, government, religion, social structure, writing and art
Artisans
Skilled workers who made weapons and jewelry
Hammurabi
New king of Babylon
The code of Hammurabi
Strict system of justice; ‘eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth’
Mummification
Process of slowly drying a dead body to prevent it from rotting
Phoenicians
Lived in the area of Palestine along the Mediterranean coast on a narrow band of land 120 miles long
Prehistory
The period before writing was developed
Anthropology
The study of human life
Artifacts
Tools, pottery, paintings, etc of early people
Archaeology
The study of past societies through what people have left behind
Sumerians
Lived in Mesopotamia during the bronze age
Ciry-States
Independent city with surrounding villages; all lived with the same law
Theocracy
God is head of state, ruled by God.
Assyrians
Ethnic group whose origins lies in ancient Mesopotamia
Empire
A gov. Under an emperor or empress
Akkadian empire
An ancient region of Mesopotamia in northern Babylon
Persian empire
A vast empire of south west Asia founded by Cyrus 2
Egyptian major periods
Greco-Roman, late, third immediate, new kingdom
The pyramids
Ancient triangular structures in Egypt used as ancient tombs
Patriarchal
Relating to a system of government roled by men
Polythiestic
Worship in multiple gods, along with own religions
Judaism
The Jews, monotheistic religion
Cyrus the Great
Persia, founder of Achaemenid empire
Darius
3rd king of achaemenid empire in Persia, empire was at its peak with him
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