Social Studies Chapter 10 Study Guide – 5th grade

What did the states hope to gain under the Articles of Confederation?
freedom, independence, and a firm league of friendship
Describe the government under the Articles of Confederation.
Congress could not pass laws to collect taxes.
What was one weakness if the Articles of Confederation?
The government had only one branch.
What caused Shay’s Rebellion?
Massachusetts property taxes were hard on farmers.
True or False: The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 divided the territory into smaller territories.
True
True or False: The Northwest Territory would automatically become a state.
False
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What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
to revise the Articles of Confederation
Which point in the Virginia Plan was objected to by supporters of the New Jersey Plan?
Larger states would have more representatives in Congress
Describe the Great Compromise.
1. Congress made up of 2 houses
2. Equal representation in the Senate
3. Representation based on population in the House of Representatives
What was the outcome of the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation.
True or False: One of the goals stated in the Preamble is to protect the people’s liberty.
True
True or False: One of the major goals of the Constitution is to control all laws in the states.
False
Which group wanted a strong national government like that set forth in the Constitution?
Federalists
Describe the Antifederalists.
People who were unhappy with the Constitution.
Describe the Bill of Rights.
Ten Constitutional amendments specifying freedoms.
What happened when Congress pledged to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
Many states signed the Constitution
How did Benjamin Franklin describe the government under the Constitution?
“A republic, if you can keep it.”
What are the three branches of government and their roles?
Legislative – makes laws
Judicial – interprets laws
Executive – carries out laws
What is one of the amendments in the Bill of Rights?
#2 Protects the right to own and bear firearms.
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