HIST 1301 – Chapter 6 Quiz: Shaping a Federal Union

Each year, the Congress of the Confederation ran a deficit in its operating expenses.
True
The most influential figure in the Confederation government was financier Robert Morris.
True
After the Revolution, problems with Spain included navigation of the Mississippi River.
True
Probably the greatest economic need during the Confederation period was for greater amounts of currency to be in circulation.
True
George Washington led the Newburgh Conspiracy until he realized it would fail.
False
The Northwest Ordinance treated the western lands the same way imperial nations treated colonies.
False
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The Virginia Plan at the Constitutional Convention called for three separate branches of government.
True
Leading nationalists at Philadelphia in 1787 included James Madison, James Wilson, and Alexander Hamilton.
True
The Constitution set a provision that allowed the American government to end its involvement in the international slave trade in 1800.
False
The central figure at the Constitutional Convention was Thomas Jefferson
False
The issue in Shays’s Rebellion in western Massachusetts was protection for farmers against Indian attacks.
False
The word “slavery” does not appear anywhere in the Constitution of 1787.
True
The “Great Compromise” at the Constitutional Convention was over representation in the new Congress.
True
Ratification of the Constitution required approval by all thirteen states.
False
The Federalist supported the Articles of Confederation and opposed the new Constitution.
False
The Articles of Confederation established a government that:

gave too much power to the national Congress.
was a total failure.
had power in the United States from 1781 to 1787.
all of the above

had power in the United States from 1781 to 1787
The Northwest Ordinance was significant in part because it

gave free land to former slaves.
barred disloyal Tories from the western territories.
set the procedure for territories to become states.
established a precedent for protecting the rights of Native Americans.

set the procedure for territories to become states.
Shays’s Rebellion in Massachusetts

represented a revolt against the lax government of the Articles of Confederation.
was largely triggered by a currency shortage among farmers and high state taxes.
led to the governor being captured and held for five days.
is correctly represented by all of the above.

was largely triggered by a currency shortage among farmers and high state taxes.
Under the Confederation, Americans disagreed with the British over:

control of navigation on the Mississippi River.
forts along the Canadian border.
free trade with China.
restrictions on immigration.

forts along the Canadian border.
By the middle of the 1780s, many Americans came to realize that the government

had to be based on the virtue of a few citizens instead of the public-spiritedness of the many.
under the Articles of Confederation had succeeded.
had to avoid tyrannical central authority.
all of the above

had to be based on the virtue of a few citizens instead of the public-spiritedness of the many.
A major diplomatic problem with Spain was

disputes about the right of the United States to trade with Spanish territories in South America.
the right of the United States to navigate to the mouth of the Mississippi River.
the Spanish refusal to retreat from lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
none of the above

the right of the United States to navigate to the mouth of the Mississippi River.
The oldest delegate to the Constitutional Convention was

George Washington.
Elbridge Gerry.
Roger Sherman.
Benjamin Franklin.

Benjamin Franklin.
The Constitution of 1787

gave the courts more power than the executive.
gave every white man the vote.
included checks against an excess of democracy.
included a bill of rights.

included checks against an excess of democracy.
The authors of The Federalist Papers were all the following except

Alexander Hamilton.
James Madison.
James Monroe.
John Jay.

James Monroe.
At the Constitutional Convention, the New Jersey Plan proposed a legislature

with equal representation for each state.
of two houses, one based on population.
with fewer powers than under the Confederation.
that would also serve as the nation’s highest court.

with equal representation for each state
The Constitutional Convention dealt with slavery by agreeing to:

abolish slavery in the southern states.
count each slave as three fifths of a person in apportioning taxes and representatives.
ignore the issue entirely.
allow slavery in the territories, but not in the original thirteen states.

count each slave as three fifths of a person in apportioning taxes and representatives.
In Number 10 of The Federalist, James Madison argued that:

the Constitution gave the courts too much power.
a presidency was unnecessary under the new government.
a republic would work especially well in the large, diverse country.
tyranny was likely under the strong central government proposed by the Constitution.

a republic would work especially well in the large, diverse country.
Patrick Henry led the fight against ratification in Virginia on the grounds that the Constitution would

extend slavery.
threaten individual and state liberty.
weaken the economy.
give too much power to New Jersey.

threaten individual and state liberty.
Those who opposed ratification of the Constitution were known as

Federalists.
Loyalists.
Tories.
Anti-Federalists.

Anti-Federalists.
The fight for ratification was fierce and close in the state of

Delaware.
Georgia.
New Jersey.
New York.

New York.
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